Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

Orofacial myofunctional disorder includes dysfunction of the lips, jaw, tongue, and/or oropharynx that interferes with normal growth, development, or function of other oral structures, the consequence of a sequence of events or lack of intervention at critical periods, that result in malocclusion and suboptimal facial development. [D'Onofrio L. Oral dysfunction as a cause of malocclusion. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2019;22:43‐48.]

Oromyofunctional Therapy (OMT)

OMT can be defined as therapeutic exercise-based techniques to stabilize, tone, strengthen, or improve the range of motion of the skeletal muscles of the face and internal muscles of the face and neck used to treat orofacial myofunctional disorders.